To help with creating a forensic RAID image of an array with an unknown configuration, Atola TaskForce 2 is now equipped with a RAID assembly, configuration autodetection and imaging capability.
What is currently supported:
Autodetection module starts running immediately upon the selection of the RAID devices (or images).
If you know the configuration, you can enter it manually.
Autodetection uses heuristic algorithms to help avoid tedious manual work while searching for:
Maximum allowed number of RAID parameter combinations to check is 100,000,000. With 12 possible block (stripe) sizes ranging from 512 bytes to 1 MB, the current limit enables TaskForce 2 to check all possible RAID configurations for:
After you apply the suggested configuration with one click on a button, drives are arranged into the correct order, RAID type and other configurations are automatically applied, and file systems are searched for.
If you are reassembling RAID 5, and one of RAID 5 drives is missing or is heavily damaged, TaskForce 2 allows you to select all available drives (or images thereof) and click Add missing device button underneath the list of drives and/or images.
TaskForce 2 uses the redundancy inherent to RAID 5 to identify the configuration and create a full image of the RAID even in the absence of one of the RAID's parts.
When the Autodetection module parses the data on the drives to identify the RAID configration and encounters errors, error tags are displayed next to the respective RAID member. Despite the errors on drives, TaskForce 2 is able to mount the partitions of the RAID for preview using data redundancy of this RAID.
RAID 10 arrays combine mirroring and striping techniques. That is why these arrays have higher performance and better resiliency against data loss or corruption.
TaskForce 2 uses both of these advantages: it images data faster from a RAID 10 compared to other RAID types and rebuilds the image using the data redundancy in case of disk failure. TaskForce 2 can achieve 900 MB/s on a RAID 10 consisting of SSD drives and 400 MB/s on one made up of HDD drives.
After you have selected the drives that make up the RAID 10 array, the RAID configuration autodetection module identifies the RAID type. The final configuration is suggested after variant checks of other parameters.
When you apply the suggested configuration, TaskForce 2 shows the members of the RAID 10 in groups according to the pair of mirrors found in this array.
The found partitions and their contents are displayed in the Partition preview part of the screen. Browse through the folders to see if the contents of the RAID are potentially helpful in your investigation. Then proceed to imaging.
Any change in RAID configuration you perform manually or by applying the suggestion produced by the Autodetection prompts the bottom Partitions panel to refresh. If the configuration is correct, file systems are found and validated, you see partitions and their contents.
TaskForce 2 instantly identifies mdadm-created RAID arrays with great precision by detecting controller metadata. These types of arrays are mounted in a matter of seconds and do not require a manual selection or application.
TaskForce’s autodetection module is able to detect the Start LBA parameter for different types of mdadm RAID arrays.